Largest NIH study of its kind compared airway tubes used by emergency medical services providers in 3,000 patients with sudden cardiac arrest.
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Nearly half a million people are treated for sudden cardiac arrest out of hospital each year, according to the American Heart Association, but only about 10 percent survive. That percentage improved significantly when EMS providers in the field used a newer breathing device — a laryngeal tube — instead of traditionally used endotracheal intubation.
Mohamud Daya, M.D., M.S., and Matt Hansen, M.D., M.C.R., both in the OHSU School of Medicine, were co-principal investigators of the Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial, or PART. Daya, professor of emergency medicine, and Hansen, assistant professor of emergency medicine, estimate that EMS providers could save an additional 10,000-plus lives a year.
Their findings will be presented today at the 2018 Society for Academic Emergency Medicine meeting in Indianapolis, Indiana.
PART is the largest of its kind to test oxygen delivery methods used by firefighters, emergency medical technicians and paramedics around the country. Getting oxygen into the lungs is an important part of reviving a patient experiencing sudden cardiac arrest.
The breathing tubes had never been compared to determine whether one works better than the other. Both are approved by the FDA and not considered investigational devices.
PART was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.
— Tamara Hargens-Bradley